A self proprietorship, partnership or corporation providing
a service or selling products in order to earn a profit and pay its employees,
suppliers & creditors.
• A business owned by one person.
• The most common form of ownership in our economy.
• E.g stores, farms, service businesses.
• From an accounting viewpoint, it is a business entity separate
from the affairs of the owner.
• From a legal standpoint, they are not separate entities and the
owner is personally liable for the debts of a business.
• If the business fails, creditors may force the owner to sell personal
assets to pay off debts.
• an unincorporated business owned by two or more
• not legally an entity separate from its owners (owners are personally
responsible for debts of the business).
• accounting practices sees the business as separate from personal
• the only type of business recognized legally
as separate from its owners (owners are not personally responsible for
• limited liability - you can only lose what you have invested in
• owners are shareholders and hold transferable shares of capital
stock (the stock can be sold).
• most large businesses are organized as corporations.
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